A man of vision, Charles Darwin famously known as the Father of Evolution was a passionate naturalist and geologist. His work reshaped the idea of transmutation theory (which later came to be known as evolution theory) and created a storm with his idea that humans and apes shared a common ancestor, which led to a huge backlash. He paved the way for modern evolution studies.
Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England into an influential family of free thinkers on 12 February 1809, to Robert Darwin and Susannah Darwin. His grandparents were prominent slave abolitionists. Josiah Wedgwood, his maternal grandfather was a English potter and businessman, and Erasmus Darwin, his paternal grandfather was a physician, also a natural philosopher and physiologist.
Erasmus Darwin wrote a book on theory of evolution and named it?
Zoonomia was a two volume book that dealt with pathology (concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids), anatomy, psychology and the functioning of the body. In this book, Erasmus stated the idea of "inheritance of acquired characteristics" which was similar to that of Lamarck's idea of evolution.
In 1825, following the footsteps of his father and grandfather, young Darwin joined University of Edinburgh to pursue?
Young Darwin's father sent him to University of Edinburgh Medical School. Darwin however lacked interest in the lectures, calling it too boring and the brutal techniques of surgeries disturbed him. He avoided classes but in his first year, Darwin learned taxidermy at the Edinburgh Museum from John Edmonstone, a freed South American slave, that would help him in his future voyage.
What is Taxidermy?
Taxidermy is an art of preparing, preserving and stuffing the skin of animals, including insects and arachnids.
Studying Taxidermy helped Darwin in his future voyage immensely to collect and preserve variety of specimens.
Darwin in his second year joined the Plinian Society, which was a students' group for ____________
He joined the Plinian Society because it was a open students' group for natural history (Natural history is an observational study of animals and plants in their natural habitat). There he met Robert Edmond Grant, whom he assisted in investigating the anatomy and life cycle of marine invertebrates. It was here where he heard about new theories of evolution.
Darwin gave his first scientific speech at the Plinian Society about his discovery that the larva of sea-mats can swim
and he also discovered that the black spores on Oysters shells were __________
He also discovered that the black spores on Oysters shells were Eggs of a Skate Leech, a blood sucking worm.
Darwin's disinterest in medical studies upset his father, who then sent Darwin to Christ's College, Cambridge to study Bachelor of Arts in order to take up specialised divinity course to become a clergyman in 1828. With some free time in his hand, he was introduced to the practice of beetle collection by his cousin William Darwin Fox and grew profound of the new hobby.
With this, he got some of his findings published in James Francis Stephens' book __________
Darwin's findings were published in the Illustrations of British Entomology (A branch of Zoology concerned with the study of insects).
He recounts in his autobiography:
"one day, on tearing off some old bark, I saw two rare beetles, and seized one in each hand; then I saw a third and new kind, which I could not bear to lose, so that I popped the one which I held in my right hand into my mouth. Alas! it ejected some intensely acrid fluid, which burnt my tongue"
He then became a very close friend and follower of John Stevens Henslow, a British priest, botanist and geologist.
Darwin in his autobiography said _____________ and ___________ stirred up a burning zeal in him to add even the most humble contribution to the noble structure of natural science
Alexander von Humboldt and John Herschel -- Darwin soon finished his exams on the January of 1831, but he had to stay back in Cambridge until June. He started reading John Herschel's Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy and Alexander von Humboldt's Personal Narrative of scientific travels in 1799-1804, which inspired Darwin to contribute to the study of natural history and hence he set out to visit Tenerife.
He also learned geology under Adam Sedgwick and also travelled with him to Wales to map strata.
How did Henslow help Darwin?
Henslow was offered a place as naturalist to sail on a two-year voyage to South America but he let down the offer because of his unwilling wife. This seemed to Henslow as a perfect opportunity for Darwin. Henslow then wrote a letter to the ship's captain Robert Fitzroy suggesting that Darwin was the most suitable man for this voyage.
Henslow also wrote a letter to Darwin, suggesting him to take up this voyage as he found Darwin to be the most suitable man for the post of naturalist on the voyage of Beagle.
After a long delay, on 27 December 1831, Fitzroy and Darwin set out on a voyage on _______ Beagle?
Her or His Majesty's ship was a Cherokee-class 10-gun brig-sloop of the Royal Navy.
The voyage of Beagle set sail on 27 December 1831 and lasted for Five years, in what was supposed to be a two year expedition. In these five years, Darwin made remarkable discoveries, sightings and opened the doors to the new theory of evolution.
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