On January 10th, 2017, actor Tom Hiddleston talked about his humanitarian mission in South Sudan during his Golden Globes acceptance speech. The youngest nation in the world was expected to enter into the realm of democracy, freedom of speech and progress. But the same ethnic conflicts it tried to escape through a unanimous 'Yes' vote in the referendum have followed it post-independence.
South Sudan gained its independence in the year
South Sudan was an independent nation in 2011. The referendum result was celebrated worldwide and supported by organisations like the United Nations, the United States government, various humanitarian agencies and celebrities like George Clooney and Don Cheadle; who fought for and supported South Sudan's freedom. South Sudan has the third largest oil reserve in sub-Saharan Africa, and with it as a leverage South Sudan was expected to be a model African nation.
But, today it ranks _______________ in "Fragile State Index" - which lists countries most vulnerable to conflict or collapse.
The years following South Sudan's independence have been tough. The young state has had to deal with heavy inflation and famine. Oil production is 1/3rd the actual capacity and the current production levels are unable to sustain the country. And with no end in sight for the ongoing civil war - today, it ranks second in the "Fragile State Index".
South Sudan is home to close to ____ different ethnicities.
South Sudan is home to 60 different ethnicities, most of which are predominantly Christian. Two ethnicities Dinka (39%) and Nuer (26%) make up large part of the demographic. After the independence Salva Kiir of the Dinka ethnicity was appointed the president. He went on to appoint Riek Machar of the Nuer ethnicity as the vice-president; a move seen as an effort towards an ethnically inclusive and diverse government.
Image - John Kerry with Salva Kirr
Machar, as the leader of Sudan People's Liberation Army before independence was responsible for __________________
Machar, has a very dark past. He has been reported of inciting ethnic tensions between the Dinka and Nuer people and was involved in the Bor massacre in 1991 which killed 2000 people. Even while fighting for the liberation of South Sudan, he recieved funding from the Sudanese government(now North Sudan) to carry out attacks on ethnicities based in South Sudan.
Around the end of December 2012, Salva Kiir, worried about the rumours of a possible coup started making changes to his administration. That involved removing people with power like the senior political leaders, police officers and generals in the army.
Image - Riek Machar.
Machar saw this as consolidation of power and a move towards dictatorship and in July 2013, declared _____________
Machar announced that he would contest the 2015 elections after seeing Kiir grab more and more government and military power. An angered Kiir fired Machar from his post as the vice-president and the battle lines across ethnicity were drawn. On December 2013, the fight for power took a violent turn when the two sides attacked each other in the capital, Juba. President Kiir called the fighting an attempted coup, a claim that cannot be backed up by facts. The claim of a coup lead to the incitement of violence across South Sudan.
A ceasefire was agreed in the August of 2015, by IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) which is a/an
A ceasefire was agreed in the August of 2015, by IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) which is a North-East African trade block comprising of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda. In 2016, Machar even returned to his role as the vice-president - as part of the ceasefire agreement. But like many ceasefires made during the span of the conflict even this was broken quickly and the vice-president fled the country as soon as fresh violence broke out. (Image-IGAD Countries)
Violence has consumed the country, taking a large scale toll on the population with reports of internal displacement, hunger, ethnic cleansing, rape and recruitment of child soldiers. An estimated 300,000 people have been killed in the conflict and over 3 million people are displaced in a country of 12 million. The scale of human suffering is very similar to that of Syria. United Nations Security Council is seeking arms embargo and sanctions on South Sudan in an effort to prevent a genocide, but, it is being blocked by Russia and China who don't see it as a viable solution. The future of South Sudan looks to be in the hands of international organisations like the United Nations, which can bring some peace and stability to the fledgling nation.
All images taken from Wikipedia commons.
If you would like more Fun Quizzes and Trivia on your favorite topic, write to us at QuizThat.