Questions And Answers On World War 1
Question: Between what years did the World War 1 take place?
Explanation: The World War 1 began on 28 July, 1914 after Austria-Hungary - with support from Germany - declared war on Serbia. It ended four years later on the November of 1918.
Question: How were the leaders of belligerent nations Tsar Nicolas II (Russia), King George V (United Kingdom) and Kaiser Wilhelm (Germany) related?
Explanation: Royal families marrying other royal families was a norm in Europe. Kaiser Wilhelm's mother and George V's father were siblings and the children of Queen Victoria. King George's maternal aunt was the mother of Tsar II. Both Tsar II and Wilhelm were the great-great grandsons of Tsar I. World War I can be described as a family feud.
Question: Whose assassination sparked the outbreak of World War 1?
Explanation: The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria triggered a series of events that eventually snowballed into a world-wide conflict.
Question: Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Explanation: Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, who was part of a larger network of secret Serbian Nationalist movement called the Black Hand, seeking freedom from the imperialist Austria-Hungarian empire.
Question: What was the July Ultimatum?
Explanation: After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary listed out ten demands for Serbia and a 48-hour ultimatum to which Serbia was to reply by 15 July, 1914. Serbia accepted nine out of the ten demands, except allowing for Austria's involvement in their internal enquiry. Austria, which had already been gearing up for a conflict, declared war on Serbia in return.
Question: After Austria-Hungary declared war, which nation began mobilising its army in support of Serbia?
Explanation: Russia had always sought influence in Serbia as a show of power, which often infuriated the Austria-Hungarian empire. Russia also supported the independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina and its unification with Serbia. As Austria-Hungary began the invasion of Serbia, Russia began mobilising its troops for the Serbian aid.
Question: Which countries were part of the Triple Alliance?
Explanation: Triple Alliance was signed in 1882 between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Germany and Austria-Hungary had years of strong political and cultural connection. Italy joined the alliance seeking protection from France's expansionist policies in North Africa. In return, it vowed to remain neutral if Austria-Hungary ever went to war with Russia. Italy, however, abandoned the agreement soon after the start of the war, calling Austria-Hungary the aggressor and ended up joining the Triple Entete.
Question: Which countries were part of the Triple Entete Alliance?
Explanation: Triple Entete refers to agreements between Russia, United Kingdom (UK) and France. Russia and France had signed the Franco-Russian Alliance in 1891 to shift the balance of power against the Triple Alliance. Germany's colonial aggression and the push for European dominance lead to UK and France signing an agreement of mutual support in 1904. In 1907, Russia and UK joined hands after settling colonial disputes and redrawing the spheres of influence.
Question: Why did Britain join the war?
Explanation: Germany had declared war on Russia and knew France would mobilise in Russia's defence (Franco-Russian Alliance). Germany's plan was to go through Belgium and quickly disarm the French army. A quick victory would have allowed Germany to fully commit their forces against Russia. But, England was obligated by the Treaty of London (1839) to protect Belgium in case of an invasion and on August 4th, 1914 England declared war on Germany.
Question: What was the name of the Ocean Liner sunk by German U-boats on 7 May 1915?
Explanation: USA expected to be treated as a neutral in the war, but the ships carrying American passengers and cargo were a constant target for attacks from the German Navy. On 7 May 1915, RMS Lusitania was sunk by German U-Boats, killing 128 Americans. Though this did not trigger America's arrival at the World War, the anti-war sentiments in the country began to shift.
Question: When did USA join World War 1?
Explanation: After the attack on RMS Lusitania, America managed to diplomatically negotiate a safe passage for American passenger and cargo ships with Germany. But, the revelations of the Zimmerman telegram: Germans offered to help Mexicans regain the territories lost in the Mexican-American War and the renewal of submarine attacks changed America's mind. On April 6, 1917 America declared war against Germany.
Question: Who was the American President during World War 1?
Explanation: Woodrow Wilson, who won the re-election on the anti-war platform in 1916, managed to change the public anti-war perception by declaring American's intervention in World War 1 as the 'War To End All Wars' .
Question: Why did Russia exit the war in 1917?
Explanation: The rising discontent with the Tsarist policies, failing economy, food shortages and heavy setbacks in the war sparked a socialist revolution in Russia. The February protests deposed the Tsarist regime and by November the Bolsheviks party had taken over Russia. Their main goal was exiting the war, which they did after signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany.
Question: When did the World War 1 end?
Explanation: Austria-Hungary agreed to an armistice on November 3. On November 9, Wilhelm II was removed from the throne and Germany was declared a republic. With Germany being overrun by the Allied Forces, local politicians called for truce. The war came to an end on 11 November, 1918, after the signing of the Armistice between the Allies and Germany. World War 1 was a calamitous event, resulting in the deaths of over 18 million people worldwide.
Question: What organisation was formed to prevent future World War like tragedies from happening?
Explanation: To prevent atrocities like World War from happening in the future, various peace treaties implemented rules for demilitarization and disarmament - like the Treaty of Versailles. There was a call for an intergovernmental panel resolving disputes through diplomatic negotiations and not war. And this is how 'The League of Nations' came to form on Jan 10, 1920. The organisation was considered very weak in general and it failed to stop World War 2, that took place just 21 years after the first.